Chicago Payday Loan Horror Stories
Inside Subprime: Feb 25, 2019
By Lindsay Frankel
For the 19.1 percent of Chicagoans living in poverty, making ends meet is a struggle, and the high cost of living in the city threatens to make matters worse. Families who are strapped for cash and have bad credit often turn to payday loans in Chicago. And there are plenty of payday lending storefronts in Chicago’s struggling neighborhoods that make promises of fast cash. But the Illinois Attorney General warns residents that payday loans cause significant financial harm, leaving borrowers worse off.
While Illinois has some protections in place for borrowers, such as limits on rollovers, payday loan providers in Illinois are still charging 330 percent APR on average, according to Pew Charitable Trusts. It’s no wonder so many Chicagoans struggle to pay back these risky loans on time. And that’s by design—payday lenders profit when borrowers become trapped in debt, tacking on more fees each time a payday loan is renewed. 91 percent of payday loans are taken out by borrowers who get five or more loans in a year.
Tabitha Scott of Hyde Park was one of those repeat borrowers. Scott fits the profile of a payday loan borrower, according to a Pew report. The 35 year-old single black woman originally borrowed money to cover repairs on her wrecked vehicle, but quickly became trapped in debt, and went on to take out two additional payday loans. “I needed [the loan] right then, right there,” said Scott. But she ended up paying more in interest and fees than the principal of the loan.
Payday lenders in Chicago are concentrated in the city’s low-income neighborhoods, according to 2015 analysis conducted by the Chicago Reporter. 7 in 10 of the city’s payday lending storefronts are located in areas with a below-average per capita income.
Dawn Dannenbring of Illinois People’s Action said that predatory lenders taking advantage of low-income minorities was “one more instance of institutional racism.” She added that the use of payday loans highlights income inequality in Chicago. “Most people who use payday loans, they’re actually taking out money for expenses they can’t meet with their paychecks because we don’t pay people enough,” she said. “These lenders prey on people who just can’t make ends meet.”
If you are a Chicagoan with your own payday loan horror story, the Illinois Attorney General’s office urges you to know your rights. The website states: “If this happens to you, please remember that under Illinois law, you are entitled to enter into an interest-free repayment plan with your lender after you’ve been in debt for more than 35 days.” Most payday lenders won’t offer this option, but if you request it, they’re required by law to provide it. Payday lenders also can’t issue a new loan if it would cause you to become trapped in debt for more than 45 consecutive days. “Together, these two provisions are designed to give payday borrowers some breathing room to pay off their old payday loan debt without getting buried under additional charges and fees.”