Are You Opening a Bank Account with Bad Credit? Here's What You Need to Know
We’re not going to tell you that having a bank account is absolutely necessary. If you’re the type who prefers stuffing your money into mattresses and keeping most of your wealth in the form of precious metals buried in the backyard, more power to you.
But for most people, maintaining a checking account is a financial cornerstone. Without a bank account to hold onto your money, you could end up spending money at check cashing stores just to access your funds and relying on cash payments or costly wire transfers just to pay your bills!
If you have bad credit and need to open a checking account, you probably have a lot of questions. Bad credit can restrict your access to important financial products like personal loans and credit cards, but will it do the same for checking accounts?
You can open a checking account with bad credit.
Let’s start with the good news. Having a poor credit score will not prevent you from opening a bank account.
Your credit score is taken from information on your credit reports, documents that track your history as a borrower, and are compiled by the three major credit bureaus: Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax. The most common type of credit score is the FICO score, which is scored on a scale of 300 to 850. The higher your score, the better your credit.
Your FICO score is used by traditional lending institutions like banks and other personal lenders to determine whether or not to lend to you, but it isn't used when you apply for a checking or savings account.
Bad credit behavior could hurt your ChexSystems score.
Okay, here’s the bad news. While banks don’t use credit scores with checking account applications, they do use something very similar, oftentimes from ChexSystems, one of several national consumer reporting agencies that track your banking history. Banks use them (or one of their competitors like TeleCheck or Early Warning System) for checking account applications just like they use FICO scores and credit reports for loans and credit cards.
Not only does Chexsystems produce a Consumer Disclosure Report, they even produce a Chexsystems Consumer Score that’s graded on a scale from 100 to 899. If your score is too low, your application for a checking account will be denied. The bank will look at your banking history and decide that you simply pose too great a risk.
And what kind of behavior is considered “bad” when it comes to banking? Well, it’s stuff like bank overdrafts, bouncing checks, and racking up bank fees and not paying them. Behavior like this points to a customer who is not using their bank account in a responsible manner.
Luckily, a bad Chexsystems Consumer Score is not permanent. Information remains on your Consumer Disclosure Report for five years before dropping off entirely. Five years of good banking behavior (or at least no bad behavior) and you’ll be all set.
But what if you don’t want to wait five years to open a checking account?
Open a second chance checking account.
Folks with a bad credit score are still able to take out a loan. Sure, it might come with a much higher interest rate and—in the case of a payday loan, cash advance, or title loan—trap them in a dangerous cycle of debt, but it’s still a loan for which they can be approved.
Similarly, people with a bad ChexSystems Consumer Score can still apply for a checking account. Many banks offer “second chance” checking accounts that give people with lousy banking history the chance to make good. You should also check out your local credit union, as many of them offer second chance checking as well.
Second chance checking accounts do tend to come with more fees and restrictions than traditional bank accounts, and they offer fewer perks.
In order to get a second chance checking account, you will almost certainly have to pay a monthly maintenance fee. And the account might also come with additional requirements like maintaining a minimum balance or having direct deposit. Plus, you still might not get a debit card with the account or be able to use it for online bill pay.
But here’s the best reason by far to use a second chance checking account: Many of them come with graduation plans. That means that using the account responsibly for one to two years will get you upgraded to a regular checking account ahead of schedule.
Take care of your Chexsystems Consumer Score.
Even if you can graduate to a regular checking account by starting with a second chance account, you should still take care of your ChexSystems Consumer Score. In fact, you should treat it the same way that you treat your regular credit score.
First things first: order a free copy of your Consumer Disclosure Report. (By law they have to provide you with one free copy every year upon request.) You can request a copy on ChexSystems’ website or you can contact them by phone at (800) 428-9623.
Next, read over your report so that you can get a clear idea of where you went wrong. If you have any unpaid fees or charges, pay them! If you can’t pay all of what you owe, try negotiating for a lower amount. And make sure that the financial institution in question updates their records with Chexsystems once the charge is paid off.
Lastly, make sure to check for errors. If you find one, contact Chexsystems to have it corrected. After you’ve gathered the proper documentation, go to the dispute section of Chexsystems’ website for more information. They should send you a resolution within 30 days. You can also dispute the info directly with your (likely former) financial institution and have them update ChexSystems.
Bad credit means living in a world with strict financial limits. And while it’s a great thing that checking accounts lie within those limits, never forget the following: The kinds of poor money habits that cause bad credit are the same kinds of habits that can cost you a checking account.
If you have bad credit and you're considering borrowing money, check out the OppU Guide to Bad Credit Loans for the questions you should ask yourself first!
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